THE CULTURAL LANDSCAPE OF BERLIN AMONG GLOBALISATION, IDENTITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
Diana O. Dushkova and Vera A. Kasatkina
ABSTRACT - Berlin is the city with varied and appealing landscape and cultural spaces: the castles, gardens, and avenues along with the unique cultural landscape make it especially attractive and unforgettable for the tourists and visitors from all over the world. As a cultural construct in which our sense of place and memories inhere, cultural landscape of Berlin is undergoing fundamental and rapid changes. This paper examines the interaction of natural and cultural geographic factors as well as political dynamics that produced these changes. After describing a natural base, which forms the Berlin's landscape, paper details the main historical facts that emerged in Berlin until the twentieth century and especially after World War II and have continued in post-unification Berlin. It shows how structural changes and the new politics of globalisation mutually shaped or "co-produced" an urban space in cultural landscape under locally specific conditions of Berlin. This paper argues, that knowledge about past and current cultural landscape patterns, processes, and dynamics are fundamental for understanding creation of modern cultural landscape. It also provides guidance for developing visions to support the sustainable development of this city and achieve better social conditions for current and future living in this landscape.
Keywords: Berlin, cultural landscape, globalisation, identity, sustainable development