TRENDS IN DEVELOPMENT OF MEAT CATTLE BREEDING IN REPUBLIC BELARUS
ABSTRACT -The following main trends of meat cattle development in the Republic of Belarus have been viewed. Meat cattle in Belarus is based on absorbable crossing of the inactive part of the dairy cattle population of Black-and-White and Simmental cattle with bulls of specialized meat-breeds as Aberdeen Angus, Hereford, Limousine and Sharole.
A pure-breeding of populations of listed breeds within reasonable limits that are mostly imported has been observed. The most natural and implemented pastures are used. The fattening of animals is performed with coarse and succulent fodder and optimal amounts of concentrated feed. Three hundred and seventy organizations and 263 agricultural farms are in involved in beef-cattle in Belarus.
Nineteen attested tribal enterprises provide the basis for growing of four specialized meat-breeds Aberdeen Angus - 39%, Limousine - 34%, Hereford - 23%, and Sharole - 4%. General herd of meat cattle is 109000, including 52000 meat cows.
Keywords: cattle breeding, breeds, cows, programs