WORKING ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH – NEW AND INCREASING RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH WORK
ABSTRACT: In recent decades, intensive changes in the age, qualification and health characteristics of workers have occurred, as well as in the conditions of the working environment, work organization and the risks associated with it. This makes the issue of protecting the working population health of primary importance for health and social policy in every country. The purpose of this paper is to analyze current problems and perspectives of occupational risks and to present a general picture of factors and conditions for their control. Literature sources on the subject and strategic documents of the European Agency for Health and Safety at Work, International Labor Organization, World Health Organization and others were reviewed. The change in living and working conditions leads to a change in the risks in the working environment and necessitates their systematic monitoring, collection of information and scientific opinions. The terms "new risks" and "increasing risks" are increasingly common in literary sources and regulatory documents. New risks are caused by new processes, technologies, types of jobs, social or organizational problems that did not exist before. Existing conditions may also be seen as new risks, due to changes in public opinion or the accumulation of new scientific knowledge. Increasing risks are associated with increasing probability of exposure, an increasing number of exposed persons, an increase in the impact of the risk due to a combination with other factors, lack of control etc. Changing conditions suggest adapting approaches to prevention and health promotion in occupational settings.
Keywords: health at work, new and increasing risks at work, psychosocial stress, working environment, workplace health promotion