THE PLACE AND ROLE OF UKRAINIAN NATIONALISM
ABSTRACT - The article is a theoretical and analytical analysis of the formation, ideas and development of Ukrainian nationalism. The methodology traces the formation and basic direction. The conclusion is related to the claim that nationalism is a phenomenon, especially represented in Ukrainian history. It’s emphasized that the goal of nationalism is to increase the effectiveness of the state, to implement reforms in it, which will improve the level of cultural and social protection of citizens of a certain nationality. Another relatively common goal of national movements is to gain "national-cultural autonomy" from national groups, ensuring that citizens of a given nationality are given qualitatively different opportunities to express their identities (for example, by developing a network of schools with education of their language, expanding the ability to perform religious rites, developing national print media, etc.), extending the rights to special forms of political representation, legislative and other ciatives and more. It’s concluded that contemporary Ukrainian nationalism relies precisely on Ukrainian speed, the Ukrainian language, the Ukrainian culture, the Ukrainian in the broadest sense. However, this approach leads to the marginalization of Ukrainian nationalism. The ultranationalist rhetoric adopted by the political elite makes Ukrainian nationalism an alien ideology for many regions of the country. Such approaches create internal conflicts in Ukrainian society, as the population of different regions of Ukraine adheres to diametrically opposed views on the history of development, has a different mentality and culture.
Keywords: nationalism, Ukraine, Ukrainian crisis, political movements, war